The other day I casually stated in The Best Oil & Powder Cleansers blog, when referring to Cheeky’s skin types, ‘Combination, oily, dry and sensitive skin Cheeky’s get ready – so basically everyone!’ Then I thought to myself… sure those are the main skin types but that only really explains the oil levels in our skin & doesn’t necessarily account for the other goodies that our skin does best. And I say ‘best’ loosely because we all deal with issues that we’d rather not have to think about.
So of course, we had to do some research to see what other skin types people all over the globe deal with. That’s when I stumbled across Dr. Baumann and her 16 skin types! PERFECT! Exactly the kind of system we were looking for.
The Baumann Skin Types system is a skin-type classification system defining 16 skin types or personalities. This classification system was developed in 2004 by University of Miami dermatology professor – none other than Dr. Leslie Baumann. The typing system identifies four key skin attributes (dry/oily, sensitive/resistant, pigmented/non-pigmented and wrinkle-prone/tight), represented as D/O, S/R, P/N, and W/T.
Let’s first delve into what she takes into account when it comes to each parameter.
Dry vs. Oily
One factor that determines whether skin is dry or oily is the amount of sebum produced by the skin. Sebum is a film-like barrier on the skin & also effects skin’s hydration. The statrum corneum also plays a role as this barrier is the one that holds the skin’s moisture.
‘Dry skin is often characterized by rough texture, dull color and tightness, especially after cleansing. Oily skin is characterized by increased sebum production, which often leads to acne’, according to the Journal of Cosmetic Science.
Sensitive vs. Resistant
Inflammation is the major determining factor for sensitive or resistant skin. A poor functioning stratum corneum layer can lead to sensitive skin because this layer of the skin serves as a barrier keep irritants out!
Examples of a sensitive skin type reaction would be: rosacea, acne, itchy or flaky skin
A strong working stratum corneum associated with resistant skin can actually make the skin resistant to the beneficial effects of skincare ingredients which leads to less absorption of the actual product.
Pigmented vs. Non-Pigmented
This skin attribute is measured by the skin’s tendency to develop unwanted pigment on the skin.
Examples of pigmented skin types would be: melasma & freckles
Wrinkle-prone vs. Tight
Age, ethnicity and lifestyle are the main influencers as to whether skin is wrinkle-prone or tight.
Are you ready to see which skin type you are? We sure were! I’m a DSPT or #1 – Dry, sensitive, pigmented, tight… kinda reminds me of the Meyers-Briggs test – has anyone taken that!? I think there are 16 personality types for that test too. I’m an ENTP I think… Extraverted, Intuition, Thinking, Perceiving.
Alright, so now you’ve discovered your skin type… this is where the most awesome part comes in! Dr. Baumann recommends what solutions to use on what skin type for the BEST skin! (information & image above provided by The Skin Types Solutions)
This dry skin type is characterized by recurrent skin inflammation and an uneven skin tone. The DSPT skincare regimen should treat the dryness and inflammation first, and then proceed to treat the pigmentation. Laser and light treatments may be used.
Skin dryness is the predominant characteristic of this skin type that also suffers from episodes of inflammation. DSNTs enjoy an even skin tone and wrinkles are minimal or not present. Oils that contain linoleic acid and omega-3 fatty acids should be added to the diet.
This dry skin type is exhibits recurrent skin inflammation, uneven skin tone and a propensity to wrinkle. DSPWs need a skincare regimen to treat the pigmentation and wrinkles without worsening the dryness and inflammation.
Skin dryness and inflammation and are the predominant characteristics of this skin type. DSNWs enjoy an even skin tone but are more prone to develop wrinkles. Regimens should include barrier repair moisturizers, retinoids, antioxidants and anti-inflammatory ingredients.
This skin type suffers from bouts of inflammation and an uneven skin tone. This skin type is less vulnerable to wrinkles than other types because of increased skin pigmentation that protects the skin from aging and from the antioxidants naturally found in the skin’s oil (sebum).
This skin type is characterized by oiliness and inflammation. OSNTs are less vulnerable to wrinkles because the antioxidant rich sebum has a protective effect. This skin type will probably get easier as you get older if you practice good lifestyle habits.
OSPWs have skin inflammation, uneven pigment and a tendency to wrinkle. The skin’s natural oil provides some antioxidant protection but it is not enough to protect this vulnerable skin type. It is crucial that this skin type follow a consistent daily regimen for best results.
OSNWs have inflammation and are vulnerable to skin aging. High levels of antioxidants in the skin’s natural oil may help prevent some of the skin’s aging, but retinoids, antioxidants and anti-inflammatory ingredients should be used in the daily skincare regimen.
This skin type is less vulnerable to wrinkles and irritation than other types, but daily sunscreen is needed to promote an even skin tone. ORPTs need products with higher concentrations of active ingredients to even skin tone.
This skin type is produces an adequate or excessive amount of oil (sebum). Sebum contains high levels of vitamin E which has a strong anti-aging component. ORNTs enjoy an even skin tone and a lower risk of skin aging. ORNTs may not need a daily moisturizer.
This skin type is characterized by an uneven skin tone and a tendency to wrinkle. Although the skins’ natural oil (sebum) helps prevent aging, this skin type should add antioxidants to the diet and skincare regimen. ORPWs need products with higher concentrations of active ingredients.
Although this skin type has a tendency to wrinkle, it wrinkles less than dry skin types because of the protective sebum which is rich in antioxidants. ORNWs need strong ingredients such as retinoids and hydroxy acids to lessen the appearance of wrinkles.
Skin dryness and uneven pigmentation are the predominant characteristics of the DRPT skin type that rarely suffers from inflammation and has minimal wrinkling. The skincare regimen should include a daily SPF of 30+, moisturizers and skin-lightening ingredients.
Skin dryness is the predominant characteristic of this skin type that enjoys an even skin tone and minimal wrinkling. Exfoliating ingredients, moisturizers and a daily SPF of 15+ are recommended. Foaming cleansers should be avoided.
Skin dryness, uneven pigmentation and susceptibility to wrinkles are the predominant characteristics of the DRPW skin type. Skincare regimens should include daily SPF, antioxidants, retinoids, moisturizers, alpha hydroxy acids and ingredients to even skin tone.
This skin type enjoys an even skin tone but is more prone to develop dryness and wrinkles. Skincare regimens should include an antioxidant and SPF 15+ daily and nightly retinoids. Good lifestyle habits are encouraged and antioxidants should be added to the diet.
So I feel like a ‘mic drop’ is in order because this was SO AMAZING! Mind blowing! Loving this! Now that you know your skin type I would be honored to help recommend products & solutions for you! Just fill out our Consult Cheeky form & we can go from there.